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"They came out with a consensus that the statues were against Islam," said Jamal.According to UNESCO Director-General Koïchiro Matsuura, a meeting of ambassadors from the 54 member states of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) was conducted.monumental statues of standing buddha carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamyan valley in the Hazarajat region of central Afghanistan, 230 kilometres (140 mi) northwest of Kabul at an elevation of 2,500 metres (8,200 ft).
The Silk Road has been historically a caravan route linking the markets of China with those of the Western world.
It was the site of several Buddhist monasteries, and a thriving center for religion, philosophy, and art.
It is believed that the upper parts of their faces were made from great wooden masks or casts.
Rows of holes that can be seen in photographs were spaces that held wooden pegs that stabilized the outer stucco.
It was a Buddhist religious site from the 2nd century up to the time of the Islamic invasion in the later half of the 7th century.
Until it was completely conquered by the Muslim Saffarids in the 9th century, Bamiyan shared the culture of Gandhara.
Abdul Wahed, a Taliban commander operating around the area, announced his intention to blow up the Buddhas in 1997, even before he had taken control of the valley.
In 1998 when he battled off the Hizb-i-Wahdat militia from the area and took control of Bamiyan, Wahed drilled holes in the Buddhas' heads for explosives.
The two most prominent statues were the giant standing sculptures of Buddhas Vairocana and Sakyamuni, identified by the different mudras performed.
The Buddha popularly called "Solsol" measured 53 meters tall, and "Shahmama" 35 meters—the niches in which the figures stood are 58 and 38 meters respectively from bottom to top. Since then the Spring Temple Buddha has been built in China, and at 128 m (420 ft) it is the tallest statue in the world.
The Taliban supreme leader Mullah Omar explained why he ordered the statues to be destroyed in an interview: I did not want to destroy the Bamiyan Buddha. Had they come for humanitarian work, I would have never ordered the Buddha's destruction.